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Virginia Department of Corrections — Public Safety First

Institutions by Security Levels

Institutional Assignment Criteria: This criteria has been established as a general guideline for use by both Institutional and Central Classification staff in their efforts to make recommendations and final decisions when determining the most appropriate institutional assignments. Other issues such as treatment needs are also considered.

Major Institutions
Large facilities that generally house medium to maximum security inmates. These institutions provide medium security dormitory-style living areas for non-disruptive inmates, celled close security living areas for non-disruptive inmates with long sentences, and celled maximum custody living areas for inmates with severe behavior problems, extremely long sentences or predatory type behavior.

Correctional Units
Small facilities that house minimum and medium security inmates in dormitory-style living areas. Inmates must demonstrate non-disruptive behavior. These units do not house inmates convicted of homicide, kidnapping/abduction, violent sex offenses or those determined to be escape risks.

Security Level 1 - Low

Assignment Criteria:
No Murder I or II, Robbery, Sex-related crime, Kidnap/Abduction; Felonious Assault (current or prior), Flight/Escape; Carjacking; Malicious Wounding; Assault/Flight/FTA pattern; No Escape Risks; No Felony Detainers; No Disruptive Behavior.

Security Level 1 - High

Assignment Criteria:
No Murder I or II; Sex offense, Kidnap/Abduction, Escape History. No Disruptive Behavior for at least past 24 months.

Security Level 2

Assignment Criteria:
No Escape History within past 5 years. Single Life sentences must have reached their Parole Eligibility Date (PED). No disruptive behavior for at least past 24 months prior to consideration for a transfer to any less-secure facility.

Security Level 3

Assignment Criteria:
Single, multiple, & Life + sentences must have served 20 consecutive years on sentence. No disruptive behavior for at least past 24 months prior to consideration for a transfer to any less-secure facility.

Security Level 4

Assignment Criteria:
Long Term; Single, multiple, & Life + sentences. No disruptive behavior for at least past 24 months prior to consideration for a transfer to any less-secure facility.

Security Level 5

Assignment Criteria:
Long Term; Single, multiple, & Life + sentences. No disruptive behavior for at least past 24 months prior to consideration for a transfer to any less-secure facility.

Maximum Security

Assignment Criteria:
Long Term; Single, multiple, & Life + sentences. PROFILE: Disruptive; Assaultive; Severe Behavior Problems; Predatory-type behavior; Escape Risk.

Special Purpose Institutions