Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision (Transferring Supervision Upon Release from Court, Jail or Prison)
The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision (ICAOS) is an agreement between all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Compact has the consent of Congress and provides the sole statutory authority for regulating the transfer of adult supervision across state lines. In doing so, all 50 states and 3 territories follow the same rules for transferring adult offenders from one state to another. ICAOS rules have the force and effect of federal law.
Offenders do not enjoy a constitutional right to transfer supervision to another state. The supervising authority must believe it would be in the best interest of the offender and public safety to transfer supervision in order for a request to be initiated. The offender must also meet certain eligibility criteria. The receiving state has the right to reject a transfer, even if it meets eligibility criteria, if the plan of supervision is not deemed suitable.
Interstate Compact transfer of supervision is a viable supervision tool which often contributes to the offenderís success and reduced likelihood of future criminal activity by providing an opportunity to see improved residence, employment, or social circumstances.
The Virginia Interstate Compact Unit acts as the central authority in monitoring and regulating interstate transfers into and out of Virginia. The Virginia Interstate Compact Unit can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or (804) 674-3065.
The Interstate Commissionís website is an excellent resource for additional information: http://www.interstatecompact.org/About/NavigatingTheCompact.aspx