Types of Supervision

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We provide community supervision programs to support offenders in their re-entry journeys. Learn more about the levels and types of supervision we offer at the Virginia Department of Corrections (VADOC).

Supervision Levels

A type of supervision can be categorized into one of these supervision levels in correspondence with an offender’s treatment plan.

Intensive Supervision

Intensive supervision is available by court order, order from another governing authority, or assessed risk level.

This level of supervision requires more frequent, extensive contact between the officer and assigned offender in the office and in the community.

Low-Level Supervision

If an offender’s risk assessment is low, and they are not otherwise exempted by operating procedure or court order, he or she may be assigned to low-level supervision. This includes regular interviews, GPS location, and biometric recognition or verification.

Offenders under low-level supervision are required to check in monthly, answer a series of interview questions, maintain residence at an approved location, and provide proof of existence using biometric recognition.

Community Residential Programs

Overview

We began contracting transitional residential centers in 1985 using federal grant funds from the Department of Criminal Justice Services. Our Community Residential Programs (CRPs) may be used for any probationer or parolee as needed for gradual release, program participation, or to resolve crisis situations.

Program participants receive supervised housing, random urinalysis testing, life skills, employment coaching, referrals for educational assistance and medical assistance, and basic counseling for substance abuse and mental health issues.

Participating offenders are required to pay for room and board. Room and board funds are based on income and go toward the Commonwealth of Virginia General Fund.

Code(s)

See Code of Virginia §53.1-179

Eligibility

  • No pattern of violence
  • Mentally and physically able to participate
  • Lacks stable residence or needs transition from incarceration
  • Must meet facility criteria

Length

Approximately 90 days

Services

  • Food and shelter
  • Urinalysis
  • Basic life skills
  • Substance abuse education
  • Individual/group counseling
  • Employment coaching

Substance Abuse Services

Overview

We provide substance abuse screening, assessment, testing and treatment programs for offenders in our care who committed felony offenses. We use an assessment tool, the Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions (COMPAS), to analyze and determine the risk and needs of each offender for this program.

Probation and parole districts may have a memorandum of agreement with their respective Community Service Boards (CSB) or may use contract vendors for treatment services. Numerous private contractors also provide outpatient or residential services.

Code(s)

See Code of Virginia §18.2-251.01, §53.1-145

Eligibility

Determined by COMPAS score and/or indication of use

Length

Length of time in treatment depends on the type of treatment, and the level of care.

Services

  • Evidence-based assessments
  • Substance abuse programs
  • Cognitive behavior interventions
  • Urinalysis

Sex Offender Supervision

Overview

We embrace a collaborative supervision model for all sex offenders and use a team approach. Our teams consist of probation and parole officers, treatment providers, polygraph examiners, and other necessary stakeholders in the community.

Treatment is based on evidence and research. We use dynamic risk assessment tools to assess an offender’s risk level and supervision needs. We hold contracts with private providers for sex offender treatment and polygraph services.

Code(s)

N/A

Eligibility

Based on recommendations from our risk assessment tool, COMPAS, and our staff.

Length

Determined by our team at the VADOC.

Services

Treatment programs from our team at the VADOC and our trusted providers. These programs include our Sex Offender Awareness Program (SOAP) and Sex Offender Treatment Program (SOTX).

GPS Monitoring

Overview

A court order, the Virginia Parole Board, or the Code of Virginia may require the use of GPS supervision, which supplements and complements intensive and regular supervision level services. Courts may also assign offenders to a home/electronic incarceration program instead of incarceration in a state or local correctional facility.

We have experienced steady growth in this type of supervision and currently contract with an outside vendor to provide both a two-piece and one-piece unit, as well as a 24-hour monitoring center.

Sex offenders will be subject to electronic monitoring by Global Positioning Satellite System (GPS) tracking device, or other similar device if:

  • They are under supervision for certain sexual offenses
  • They are sexually violent predators under conditional release supervision

Code(s)

See Code of Virginia §19.2-303, §19.2-295.2:1, §37.2-908, §53.1-131.2

Eligibility

As determined by a court order, the Virginia Parole Board, or the Code of Virginia.

Length

Determined by our staff at the VADOC.

Services

  • Computerized random checks and GPS tracking data

Voice Verification Biometrics Monitoring

Overview

A court order, the Virginia Parole Board, or the Code of Virginia may require the use of voice verification biometric monitoring, which supplements and complements intensive and low-level supervision level services.

Code(s)

N/A

Eligibility

Offenders assessed as low-risk in accordance with VADOC-accepted assessment protocols and with supervisor's approval.

Length

Determined by the maximum expiration date of supervision established by the court, Parole Board, or other entity with authority to do so.

Services

Offenders are assigned a specialist who is part of the VADOC's Voice Verification Biometrics Unit. New information must be reported to their specialist within three days, similar to when the offender was under the supervision of a district officer.

As an offender, below are ways you can contact your specialist.

  • Call the Voice Verification Biometrics Unit's main number at (804) 372-4633 if you have any questions or would like to relay important information. This includes a change of phone number, change of address (remaining in Virginia) or to request out-of-state travel. Please leave a message after the appropriate prompt.
  • As an offender, you can receive text reminders for your monthly interviews. Text the word START to the toll-free number (888) 992-0601. You will need to repeat this process any time you update your phone number.
  • For travel requests, leave your name, the specific address of where you wish to travel, when you wish to travel, and when you intend to return. For domestic out-of-state travel, one week prior notice is required to allow time for a specialist to investigate and respond with approval or denial. If approved, you will receive a call or text from the specialist with any follow up instructions. No signed documentation is required. For international travel requests, a least one month's notice is required. This process involves permission from the sentencing judge or paroling authority and signed documentation from you, as the offender requesting the travel, and the district office providing the document.

Gang Supervision

Overview

Offenders identified as a gang member will be tracked and monitored while on probation by a gang specialist probation officer. Based on the chief probation officer or designee of the district's decision, the offender identified as a gang member may be supervised by other probation officers based on the convicted crimes (e.g. sex offender).

Code(s)

See Code of Virginia §18.2-46.1, §18.2-46.2, §19.2-299

Eligibility

All VADOC offenders who are identified as gang members, either when incarcerated or while on probation.

Length

Determined by our team at the VADOC.

Services

Treatment from our team at the VADOC.

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